mammals of connecticut

A few days later, a 500-pound female was short and killed in Waterbury when it approached a highway entrance ramp. The deer have devastated species of plants once abundant on the Audubon group's land and ravaged low-lying vegetation, including hickory and hemlock saplings. [ [http://www.ct.gov/dep/cwp/view.asp?a=2723&q=326044&depNav_GID=1655] Web page titled "Moose" at the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection Web site, retrieved December 30, 2007] The greatest danger to people from mooses is car collisions. "**"Never attempt to feed or attract bears. Bears that persistently kill livestock, enter buildings or demonstrate similarly problematic behavior may be killed under state policy. [Parry, Wynne, "More coyotes may be on the prowl in the area", "The Advocate" of Stamford, Connecticut, November 23, 2007, pp 1, A4 Norwalk edition] * Gray wolf ("Canis lupus") — extirpated in Connecticut in the nineteenth century; deliberately killed by early settlers, but the population also was hurt by the reduction of its food supply (largely deer); some taxonomists say the wolf that used to inhabit Connecticut was actually the eastern Canadian wolf ("Canis lycaon")* Red fox ("Vulpes vulpes") — a native species to New England, but it probably interbred with red foxes introduced from Europe; the hybrid is now thought to be the only type in Connecticut; [ [http://www.ct.gov/dep/cwp/view.asp?a=2723&q=326072&depNav_GID=1655] Web page titled "Red Fox" at the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection Web site, retrieved December 30, 2007] tends to be absent where coyotes are regularly present; prefers habitats with a mixture of fields and forest edges* Gray fox ("Urocyon cinereoargenteus") — fairly common, but less so than the Red fox; it tends to inhabit denser forests than the Red fox; the population has been growing for the past century with reforestation in the state the main cause; in the Connecticut, the normal home range for a fox is about two to four square miles, but abundance or lack of food supplies can change that [ [ ] Web page titled "Gray Fox" at the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection Web site, retrieved December 30, 2007] Bears (Order "Carnivora", Family "Ursidae")* Black bear ("Ursus americanus") — rare in most of the state, but fairly common in Litchfield and Hartford counties in the northwestern and north central parts of the state; bears have expanded from their core habitat in the state's northwestern hills; in 2002 the population was probably above 100 and growing, Geoffrey Hammerson wrote in "Connecticut Wildlife: Biodiversity, Natural History, and Conservation", but state wildlife biologists for the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection estimated in 2008 that there were more than 300 in the state, with the population growing by about 15 to 20 percent a year. If extirpated, coastal, introduced, and accidental species are included these numbers increase to 8… …   Wikipedia, List of Connecticut birds — This list of Connecticut birds is a comprehensive listing of all the bird species recorded from the U.S. state of Connecticut. "'Porpoises (Order "Cetacea", Family "Phocoenidae")* Harbor porpoise ("Phocoena phocoena") — rare, but sometimes found off the coast "'Seals (Order "Carnivora", Family "Phocidae")* Harbor seal ("Phoca vitulina") — This is the only marine mammal regularly living in Connecticut; found mostly in the eastern part of the coast (where there were at least several hundred as of 2004), but also in the west; not uncommon around Hammonasset Beach State Park, around Sheffield Island and Smith's Reef in the Norwalk Islands, and they have been spotted off Stamford and Greenwich; [Desmarais, Paul, "Photo Journal" photo feature (caption of picture of two harbor seals in Norwalk), "The Advocate" of Stamford, Norwalk edition, p A11, March 18, 2008] found from late fall through mid spring, usually on isolated ledges and rocks; in the past, they may have been permanent residents, but sealers and fishermen who killed the seals to prevent competition probably stopped that; for the warmer months of the year, they migrate to the Maine coast. [ ] Web page titled "White-tailed Deer" at the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection Web site, retrieved December 30, 2007] By the 1970s, the total state population was about 20,000, and up to 76,000 (a low estimate) in 2000.Fairfield County has the highest deer density in the state. ""'Whales (Order "Cetacea", Family "Delphinidae")* Long-finned pilot whale ("Globicephala melas") — occasionally enters Long Island Sound; it rarely washes up on the shore in Connecticut. A few days later, a 500-pound female was short and killed in Waterbury when it approached a highway entrance ramp. On October 4, 2007 a 700-pound bull moose was shot and killed by town of Fairfield, Connecticut police when it wandered too close to the Merritt Parkway. They thrived so well that in 1961, the first state-regulated trapping season began in order to manage their numbers in light of growing nuissance complaints; [http://www.ct.gov/dep/cwp/view.asp?a=2723&q=325970&depNav_GID=1655] Web page titled "Beaver" at the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection Web site, retrieved December 30, 2007] the population is large enough now to be trapped, and generally 500 to 1,000 are trapped each year; in the 2001-2002 season a record 1,224 were trapped; in 2000 it was estimated there were between 5,000 and 8,000 beavers in the state; they can annoy homeowners with their tree cutting and flooding from their dams (which help some species but hurt others); in Connecticut, people must get a permit from their town wetlands commission before altering beaver dams to prevent or reduce flooding "'Mice, rats, voles, lemmings (Order "Rodentia", Family "Muridae")* White-footed mouse ("Peromyscus leucopus") — common in woods and especially along forest edges; particularly where there are plenty of nuts or large seeds; * Deer mouse ("Peromyscus maniculatus") — found in the northern part of the state * Allegheny woodrat ("Neotoma magister") — once existed at one site in western part of the state but now extirpated; it has also disappeared from many areas in the Northwestern United States * Red-backed vole ("Clethrionomys gapperi") — common in the state, especially in forests with plenty of ground cover such as logs, rocks or old stone walls * Meadow vole ("Microtus pennsylvanicus") — often found in abundance in pastures, meadows, marshes or wherever there is thick, unmowed grasses or sedges * Woodland Vole ("Microtus pinetorum") — common in the state; found mostly in partly wooded uplands * Muskrat ("Ondatra zibethicus") — common in ponds, lakes, slow-moviing streams, canals, swamps and marshes * Southern bog lemming ("Synaptomys cooperi") — usually lives along the edges of bogs, but also sometimes found in shady uplands with thick humus soil * House mouse ("Mus musculus") common in cities and farms, associated with people and farmland; comes from Europe— * Norway rat ("Rattus norvegicus") — common wherever it can find food, such as at farms, in cities, near garbage dumps or waterfront areas; comes from Europe; Barn owls near the New Haven landfill often feed on them "'Jumping mice (Order "Rodentia", Family "Dipodidae", Subfamily "Zapodinae")* Meadow jumping mouse ("Zapus hudsonius") — rather common in Connecticut in areas with thick vegetation, including meadows but also old fields, forest edges, often near water * Woodland jumping mouse ("Napaeozapus insignis") — rather common in Connecticut in moist, forested areas or spots with thick shrubs, usually along streams "'New World porcupines (Order "Rodentia", Family "Erethizontidae")* North American porcupine ("Erethizon dorsatum") — uncommon in forested areas in the northern part of the state; usually found in mixed forests including eastern hemlockCarnivoresDogs, Wolves, Coyotes, and Foxes (Order "Carnivora", Family "Canidae")* Coyote ("Canis latrans") — first spotted in Connecticut in the mid-1950s, with the first 10 years of reports only in the northwestern part of the state, although they have since spread across the entire state. "**"Advertise your presence by shouting and waving your arms or walk slowly away. "'Porpoises (Order "Cetacea", Family "Phocoenidae")* Harbor porpoise ("Phocoena phocoena") — rare, but sometimes found off the coast "'Seals (Order "Carnivora", Family "Phocidae")* Harbor seal ("Phoca vitulina") — This is the only marine mammal regularly living in Connecticut; found mostly in the eastern part of the coast (where there were at least several hundred as of 2004), but also in the west; not uncommon around Hammonasset Beach State Park, around Sheffield Island and Smith's Reef in the Norwalk Islands, and they have been spotted off Stamford and Greenwich; [Desmarais, Paul, "Photo Journal" photo feature (caption of picture of two harbor seals in Norwalk), "The Advocate" of Stamford, Norwalk edition, p A11, March 18, 2008] found from late fall through mid spring, usually on isolated ledges and rocks; in the past, they may have been permanent residents, but sealers and fishermen who killed the seals to prevent competition probably stopped that; for the warmer months of the year, they migrate to the Maine coast. ""'Whales (Order "Cetacea", Family "Delphinidae")* Long-finned pilot whale ("Globicephala melas") — occasionally enters Long Island Sound; it rarely washes up on the shore in Connecticut. "**"Advertise your presence by shouting and waving your arms or walk slowly away. Deer were nearly eliminated from the state by the end of the nineteenth century, with fewer than 20 in all of Connecticut, although they were on the rebound by that point, in part due to state regulations to protect them. ")Connecticut has several problems associated with its large deer population:* Motor vehicle accidents: State Farm Insurance estimates that more than 10,000 deer in Connecticut are hit by cars each year.Schweber, Nate, "Car Hits Deer. Other factors are the mixture of young and mature forests, milder winters, and fewer predators. One Massachusetts environmental official estimated there were about 1000 moose in Massachusetts. Reforestation of the state was the major factor allowing for the reintroduction and expansion of the bear population, and that expansion is expected to continue. According to one estimate, the county has 59 per square mile, more than double the density in the rest of the state, according to the state Department of Environmental Protection. Unlike deer, moose that feel threatened tend to stand their ground.Stelloh, Tim, "DEP forecasts more moose-car collisions: Official expects animal population to increase across the state"," The Advocate" of Stamford, Connecticut, October 14, 2007, pp 1, A6] Moose are thought to be entering the state from the north. From 1992 to 1998, two or three moose sightings were reported each year to the state Department of Environmental Protection, generally in the spring and fall. * New England Cottontail ("Sylvilagus transitionalis") — native but now relatively uncommon since in most places the Eastern cottontail has replaced it; it appears to be more common in the west-central and southeastern parts of the state; generally found in shrubby wetlands and forests with dense plant life near the ground. According to one estimate, the county has 59 per square mile, more than double the density in the rest of the state, according to the state Department of Environmental Protection. Park and Silver Sands state Park has many of them, including both current and recently historical inhabitants for. Merritt Parkway near Exit 37 in Stamford, Connecticut mature forests, milder winters, and predators. Porcupines, birds, and fewer predators not adapt well to nearby human populations ; they prefer immature forests a... 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