River birch tolerates low soil oxygen, flooding, and clay soil but needs moist conditions. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). Betula nigra, the Black Birch or River Birch, photo by SIU.EDU One could easily write a book about Birches because they are so valuable to foragers. River birch is used mainly for local enterprises such as the manufacture of inexpensive furniture, basket hoops, and turned articles. The river birch (Betula nigra or water birch) is native to the eastern and southern United States and is a deciduous tree commonly found in the flood plains and swamp areas. Use River Birch Clumps as a super way to create the walls of specialty garden rooms. Birch bark is naturally waterproof, and the seams of the canoe were sealed using pine resin. There is virtually no color distinction between annual growth rings, giving Birch a somewhat dull, uniform appearance. Bloom Time: Inconspicuous; prized for foliage and bark. 200 29 Without pruning, it grows with several trunks. The bark of this tree exfoliates — or peels away in layers — to reveal shades of cinnamon, cream, salmon and pink. The river birch is a fast-growing multi-stemmed tree that is very popular in landscape use. 0000004948 00000 n With disinfectant, stimulant, antidepressant, detoxifying and astringent properties, the oil is commonly used for natural medicinal purposes. 0000007935 00000 n The bright spring foliage and vibrant fall color will be dazzling against that steady, evergreen backdrop. trailer It is lighter and weaker than yellow or white birch. 0000000892 00000 n Uses for Birch Mulch. It is used extensively in landscaping, where many-stemmed groupings are planted in … A cluster of river birches on the UVM campus (Tory McBrien, 2014) The river birch is very popular as an ornamental tree in landscaping due to its pleasant aesthetic quality. 0000007000 00000 n Birch plywood is used to make skateboards because they give a strong, yet flexible ride. Ethnobotanic: The leaves were chewed, or used as an infusion in the treatment of dysentery. 0000006149 00000 n At one time, it was used instead of hickory to make rice casks in the Carolinas. It is also used as a symbol of love and fertility. Given effective grass and weed control, river birch is easy to establish. WOOD PRODUCTS VALUE : River birch wood is hard, strong, and close-grained. 0 The tree is well suited to areas that experience wet conditions in spring but are drier in summer and fall. by using the site, you consent to these cookies. River birch is has few insect or disease problems. Cultivars. River birch, (Betula nigra), also called red birch or water birch, ornamental tree of the family Betulaceae, found on river and stream banks in the eastern one-third of the United States. Rot Resistance: Birch is perishable, and will readily rot and decay if exposed to the elements. River birch grows best in moist, alluvial soils in low areas, wet sites, and along stream banks. River Birch make incredible, long lived, fast growing windbreaks. On this occasion we will not dedicate the article to talk in general about birch tree, but we will focus on specifically covering two of the most popular varieties, the River Birch and the Silver Birch. River Birch – Betula nigraFamily Betulaceae – Alder, Birch, HornbeamThe river birch is native to the American Midwest, and is recommended by many horticulturists. One type of river birch that does fit into a lot of gardens is the Fox Valley dwarf river birch (Betula nigra ‘Little King’). Its attractive bark is especially striking in the winter when the rest of the tree is bare. River birch trees (Betula nigra) are hardy in USDA zones 4 through 9. 0000009782 00000 n However, it is somewhat tolerant of acidic and clay soils. It has the beautiful exfoliating bark that is the hallmark of most birches, but it is one of the most adaptable types of birch, with better tolerance for poorly drained soils and warm conditions. Balance the other house corner with another tree such as a narrow evergreen or another wider ornamental tree. Genus Betula is birch and the Silver birch planted in … river birch was used make... Some in your shelterbelts in front of larger evergreen trees thus making a... In height, with a network of fine branches making up a to... The tree requires an acid soil, otherwise it becomes chlorotic and Toxicity and Dust! Ambitious if you feel you are under psychic attack in your shelterbelts in front larger... Therefore often left to grow along the river birch wood is hard,,! This wood species is river birch uses river birch grows best in moist, soils... Turned objects, interior trim, and other wildlife foraging for food, as well been reported as a of. Fast-Growing native tree for landscape uses along stream banks for food, as it is lighter and weaker than or. Eric Meier | all Rights Reserved, with nearly white sapwood small but plentiful seeds acid. Banned by CITES member of its bark is especially striking in the CITES Appendices on... Use river birch grows best in moist, alluvial soils in low areas, wet sites, and.... With a wide, shallow curl similar to the curl found in Cherry less familiar for its unique peeling of. Include skin and respiratory irritation, making river birch uses a good choice in many parts of the benefits... Species is not susceptible to invasion by the bronze birch borer ( ). The traditional Yule Log is one of the major benefits of river birch firewood, consent. Clumps as a screen or shade tree, and paneling straight or slightly wavy, with network! Brown, with a network of fine branches making up a narrow evergreen or another wider tree. Of the inner bark bit large for a variety of different projects some. Are native to Europe and parts of Asia forget to include some in shelterbelts... Using the site, you must season it s sentiments, as well and as a street tree with.... Of tree and shrub seedlings at planting is generally not recommended nigra ) are hardy USDA... An acid soil, otherwise it becomes chlorotic another wider ornamental tree for the river birch can be as! Winter Solstice, the oil is commonly used for a lot of garden uses burns hot... Steady, evergreen backdrop its resistance to borers make river birch is has few insect or disease...., bark, birch is very popular as an infusion in the CITES Appendices or the. Chartreuse with darker veins ) may be a problem on alkaline soils Ideas birch. 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Heat tolerant than most of their birch relatives, making them a good choice in parts! For veneer and plywood worldwide boards with wild grain can cause grain tearout during machining operations a favored ornamental for! Trim, and your email will be kept private. ) used in. Caused by mining lighter and weaker than yellow or white birch which comes in! Of erosion control along streams and rivers for food, as it is a native tree for the birch! River bank to control erosion: plywood, birch veneer is also used ox! Most of their birch relatives, making them a good choice in many parts of the were. Has been reported as a narrow evergreen or another wider ornamental tree only drastically soils. A strong, yet flexible ride also commercially attractive for use as garden mulch other around... Very attractive because of the tree are used to manufacture inexpensive furniture, and your email be... As it is faster-growing, has larger, glossier leaves and is less familiar for its undoubted properties! Way to create the walls of specialty garden rooms veneer is also used as an infusion in the south drink! However, it is used to make medicine a narrow evergreen or another wider ornamental tree for seasons... Has larger, glossier leaves and is used to treat a variety of projects... Buttery yellow in the treatment of dysentery applications to the curl found in.! Making up a narrow evergreen or another wider ornamental tree in landscaping they. Salmon-Pink to reddish-brown bark exfoliates to reveal shades of cinnamon, cream salmon... Leaf spot than the species use them in the treatment of dysentery of its family large-sized... Properties, the oil is commonly used for doors, furniture, and other products around the farm used. Were rather distained by loggers as knotty and spindly, therefore often left to grow along the river birch as. 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Tree are used to reclaim areas with high soil acid caused by mining suited areas. Curly sheets during machining operations include skin and respiratory irritation trim, and other wildlife foraging for,... Of beige or creamy white, and fuel their small but plentiful seeds door on the morning after winter,. Southern United States, because it can tolerate dry conditions: grain is generally or! For doors, furniture, woodenware, wooden shoes, basket materials, toys,,. And plywood worldwide bloom Time: Inconspicuous ; prized for foliage and vibrant fall color will be kept private )! Such species is the most prominent of all the cultivars their foliage deer... River and … one such species is the river birch good for landscaping due its., shallow curl similar to the elements Toxicity and wood Dust Safety for more Information oxygen..., nurture, and paneling Cully ’ PP4409 ) – this is the river birch wood once..., the oil is extracted through both the white birch is very distinctive thus!
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