The law also requires TV and radio broadcasters to ensure 60% of programs such as news and analysis are in Ukrainian. So.. How Close Are Ukrainian And Russian Really? A common misconception about the relationship between Russian and Ukrainian is that they are very close in terms of vocabulary. They also share hundreds of years of history, a common linguistic ancestor and an alphabet.  The exception from this being language classes that would be taught using "English or other official languages of the European Union. Though Ukrainian and Russian are spoken throughout the country in varying degrees from region to region, most Ukrainians will tell you that Ukrainian is the dominant language within the country. In practice, however, Ukraine is very much a bilingual country with a roughly 50-50 split between Russian and Ukrainian. But once I get a good grasp of Russian, I would definitely like to learn Ukrainian. The Old East-Slavic language can be traced further back to … While Ukrainian and Russian are spoken either as a first language or a second language by the vast majority of the Ukrainian population, a wide range of other languages are spoken in Ukraine. Romanian? Help & Contact. Russian … Ethnologue lists 40 minority languages and dialects; nearly all are native to the former Soviet Union. Ukrainian and Russian both use the Cyrillic alphabet for writing, but with a few differences both in the letters used but also how they’re pronounced. Novamova Kyiv is happy to announce that Ukraine has opened the borders for foreign citizens! Listen as she speaks about Russian in Ukraine. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Learn more . Wikipedia. It wouldn’t work. Russian COURSE TYPES What type of Russian course are you looking for? Russian is the native language of 29.6% of Ukraine's population and the rest (2.9%) are native speakers of other languages. The two languages have a lot of “false friends” – or words that exist in both languages but have different meanings. Our Ukrainian and Russian language department was created specially for those wishing to study these languages in the capital of Ukraine. Alexandra lives in Ukraine and speaks Russian as her native language. While most of the population is able to communicate in both Ukrainian and Russian, the issue has consistently served as a political flashpoint ever since Ukraine gained independence in 1991. No unifying set of characteristics; the term is used for "norm-breaking, non-obedience to or non-awareness of the rules of the Ukrainian and Russian standard languages". A poll held November 2009 revealed that 54.7% of the population of Ukraine believed the language issue in Ukraine was irrelevant, that each person could speak the language they preferred and that a lot more important problems existed in the country; 14.7% of those polled stated that the language issue was an urgent problem that could not be postponed and that calls for immediate resolution; another 28.3% believed that, while the language issue needed to be resolved, this could be postponed. Learning Russian? In addition to the centuries that the two languages were separated from one another, one of the reasons for the relatively low lexical similarity might be the historical language reforms that Russian went through under Peter the Great in the 19th century. Russian and Ukrainian are closely related, being that they’re both East-Slavic languages and in terms of grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation, they have a lot in common even though other Slavic languages might be closer. The imperialistic language policy of the Russian Empire escalated in the 19th century when several decrees were issued to ban the Ukrainian language from public use, e.g. One disadvantage with Ukrainian might be that it’s a language with less learning materials available, however. In Ukraine, including Lviv, it doesn't really matter and it isn't a problem. Yes. Ukrainian is mainly an advantage in Ukraine, and it remains the better choice for communicating with Ukrainians.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'autolingual_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_5',118,'0','0'])); In terms of difficulty, whether you study Ukrainian or teach yourself Russian represents pretty much the same challenge. The Old East-Slavic language that turned into modern day Ukrainian and Russian split up around the 14th century. Just select a course type from the list below to get started. The law required the school used Ukrainian, the national language, in all classes that did not require a second language. , An August 2011 poll by Razumkov Centre showed that 53.3% of the respondents use the Ukrainian language in everyday life, while 44.5% use Russian. , In a May 2012 poll by RATING, 50% of respondents considered Ukrainian their native language, 29% Russian, 20% consider both Ukrainian and Russian their mother tongue and 1% considered a different language their native language. between Russian and Ukrainian! Unlike many other Slavic languages, Russian and Ukrainian both use the Cyrillic alphabet, only with a few letters being different. As a Russian speaker, however, you’d have no problems in Ukraine. , In an October 2009 poll by FOM-Ukraine of 1,000 respondents, 52% stated they use Russian as their "Language of communication"; while 41% of the respondents state they use Ukrainian and 8% stated they use a mixture of both.. Vocabulary In Russian And Ukrainian – How Different Are The Words? Subtitles in Russian and … Russian is also spoken as a second language by most Ukrainian speakers. (Actually, Only Equatorial Guinea), “ch” (as in Scottish: “loch” – sounds like you’re, hard sign (preceding letter pronounced “hard”), “i” (or closer to a French “u” or a German “ü”), soft sign (preceding letter pronounced “soft”). For the preferred language of work, an equal amount chose either Ukrainian or Russian (37%) and 21% communicated bilingually. (Moldovan? ), Which Countries In Africa Speak Spanish? People simply get the impression that the two languages are mutually intelligible because the two nationalities seem to understand each other, but this is only true because Ukrainians tend to be fluent in Russian alongside Ukrainian. If we compare with other European lang… By the time the Russian Empire was destroyed in the October Revolution in 1917, the differences between the languages were already at the level it is today: Russian and Ukrainian were completely different. A March 2010 poll by Research & Branding Group showed that 65% considered Ukrainian as their native language and 33% Russian. In an 11–23 December 2015 study by the Razumkov Centre taken in all regions of Ukraine other than Russian-annexed Crimea, and separatist controlled Donetsk, and Luhansk, a majority considered Ukrainian their native language (60%), followed by Russian (15%), while 22% used both languages equally. While Ukrainian is the official state language, Russian, a related Slavic language, is often spoken in cities in the centre and east of the country. “неділя” means “Sunday” in Ukrainian but “week” in Russian. Surzhyk (су́ржик, ) refers to a range of mixed (macaronic) sociolects of Ukrainian and Russian languages used in certain regions of Ukraine and adjacent lands. More respondents preferred to speak Ukrainian (46%) than Russian (38%) with 16% preferring to speak both in equal manner. Russian is the native language of 29.6% of Ukraine's population and the rest (2.9%) are native speakers of other languages. The varieties of Romani represented are Vlax, Carpathian and Balkan. Distribution of the population of Ukraine`s regions by native language (0,1)", "Чисельність осіб окремих етнографічних груп украінського етносу та їх рідна мова", "Russian becomes regional language in three more regions in Ukraine", Constitutional Court declares unconstitutional language law of Kivalov-Kolesnichenko, https://www.bbc.com/news/blogs-news-from-elsewhere-37908828, "Upcoming Elections and Ukrainian "Ultra-nationalism, "New education law becomes effective in Ukraine", Ukrainian-zone.com - learn Ukrainian online, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Languages_of_Ukraine&oldid=992002327, Articles with disputed statements from November 2008, Articles with dead external links from February 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 23:34. These are “Ґ”, “Є” and “Ї”.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'autolingual_com-box-4','ezslot_8',114,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'autolingual_com-box-4','ezslot_9',114,'0','1'])); In the same way, Russian has 4 letters than aren’t used in Ukrainian, namely Ёё, ъ, ы and Ээ. Ranking based on authentic reviews of Russian schools in Ukraine Courses from 259 € Free cancellation Exclusive discounts & Lowest price guaranteed Free and impartial advice from our friendly consultants . “Печеня” means “roast” in Russian, but “cookie” in Ukrainian. Despite the proximity of the two languages, they aren’t mutually intelligible, and speakers of the two languages will often have to rely on Russian, which is a language that most Ukrainians speak in addition to Ukrainian. There are Russian courses available for all fluency levels, ages and time durations. The majority of Ukrainians are, however, completely bilingual and fluent in both languages … In Ukraine, Russian is seen as a language of inter-ethnic communication, and a minority language, under the 1996 Constitution of Ukraine. As you can see from the above, Ukrainian has 3 letters that don’t exist in Russian. Some do in fact argue that Ukrainian shouldn’t be considered as an East-Slavic language at all, being that it has more in common with West-Slavic languages such as Polish, Czech and Slovak than it does with Russian. According to Article 10 of the Constitution of Ukraine the state has an obligation to ensure the comprehensive development and functioning of the Ukrainian language in all spheres of social life throughout Ukraine while guaranteeing the free development, use and protection of the Russian language and other languages of national minorities of Ukraine. Russian allows me to speak to just about everyone in Ukraine, Russia, Belarus, and the former USSR countries.  In October 2014 the Constitutional Court of Ukraine started reviewing the constitutionality of the law, and on 28 February 2018 it ruled the law unconstitutional.. Russian is also one of the most widespread languages in the world, with speakers in Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Ukraine, Latvia, Moldova, Estonia, Georgia Tajikistan, Lithuania, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, and Belarus. If you’re interested in learning Ukrainian or Russian, go have a look at my study time calculator which you can use as a tool to help you plan your language learning process and schedule in the future. 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